Novorossiysk, founded in 1838, is the largest commercial port on the south of Russia and a base of the Russian Black Sea Fleet.
The city is situated along the Tsemesk harbour, one of the most convenient harbours in the Black Sea, that is free of ice in winter time, on the site of a Genoese colony (13th - 14th cent.) and of a Turkish fortress, captured by the Russia in 1808. From the notrh-east and south-west the city is surrounded by mountain range. The harbour separates the western and eastern parts on the city. Eastern part is an industrial area. There are 37 industrial enterprises in the city.
The city was held (1919 - 1920) by the White Army during the Russian Civil War.
There are may picturesque places not far from Novorossiysk: Abrau-Dyurso - the home of famous Russian champagne; sea-side camping Shirokaya Balka.